Jul 112012

It should not be surprising, in our scientific, technological world, that faith has been subjected to empirical studies and analysis. Hold onto your hat: it turns out that both people and communities of faith develop through a predictable series of stages… or find a comfortable level and stay there.

James W. Fowler, a minister in the United Methodist Church, wrote “Stages of Faith” in 1981 while a professor of Theology and Human Development at Emory University. Additional research has followed. Here is a summary of the results.

Preschool children often confuse fantasy and reality. Their mix of ideas are picked-up, but not fully-developed, from those around them. They may believe in God and the Tooth Fairy, but already know that the guy at the mall is not really Santa.

School-age children begin to use logic and take things very literally. They may strongly and stubbornly hold onto ideas that come from trusted authorities. Their parents may still be insisting on the details of Santa’s visit to every home on Christmas eve.

Teenagers become aware of multiple, conflicting belief systems, but often associate strongly with a single institution and its doctrine. These staunch believers tend to “double-down” against any challenge to the anchors of their faith. They are easily persuaded that exposure to other ideas is dangerous so that they are determined to remain isolated within their community of support.

In young adulthood, with continued exposure to other peoples and their beliefs, some begin a period of critical re-examination of the elements of their faith. They may become disillusioned with their former community and move forward to independently search for a new foundation. Paradoxically, this progressive movement is often criticized as “backsliding.” Many men, especially, become “spiritual but not religious” and stop worshiping in a church.

In mid-life, it sometimes occurs to people that much about life is conflicting, unknown, or even unknowable. Neither faith nor logic fully satisfy. Much has to be taken, at any given time, as a paradox or mystery. Sacred stories and symbols may be a comfort, but not a foundation. Their spirituality may merge with their intent to “live a good life.”

A few older folks reach a point where they feel that life and gratitude, day by day, is sufficient blessing. There is no need to agonize over doubts, carry guilt from past mistakes, or dread what may happen in the next year, or the next moment. These folks may open themselves, within their remaining capacities, to take full satisfaction in the love of, and service to, others. These people may still embrace the formal worship of a specific divinity, but their capacity to love is no longer dependent on any given doctrine.

No developmental stage that serves the needs of the individual and their community is necessarily bad. Still, increasing tolerance always accompanies increasing spiritual development.

© 2012, David Satterlee

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Nov 172009

Source: Integral Institute – Scholars

Allan Combs, PhD, is a contributor to the Integral Consciousness Studies at
Integral Institute. He is a consciousness researcher, neuropsychologist, and
systems theorist.

Center for
Yoga and Health

Allan is a Professor of Transformative Studies at the California
Institute of Integral Studies and director of the Integral Concentration of the
doctoral program. His background is in consciousness studies, neuropsychology,
and systems science.

Allan also holds appointments at the Saybrook Graduate School and the
Assisi Conferences, and is Professor Emeritus at the University of North
Carolina-Asheville. He is Co-Director of the Integral Studies program leading to
an MA in Conscious Evolution at the Graduate Institute of Connecticut.

Allan is author of over 100 articles, chapters, and books on
consciousness and the brain, including The Radiance of Being (2ed):
Understanding the Grand Integral Vision; Living the Integral Life, winner of the
best-book award of the Scientific and Medical Network of the UK, with a foreword
by Ken Wilber; Changing Visions: Human Cognitive Maps Past, Present, and Future,
with Ervin Laszlo, Vilmos Csanyi, and Robert Artigiani; Chaos Theory in
Psychology and the Life Sciences, edited with Robin Robertson; Nonlinear
Dynamics in Human Behavior, edited with William Sulis; Synchronicity: Through
the Eyes of Science, Myth, and the Trickster with Mark Holland; and Mind in
Time: The Dynamics of Thought, Reality, and Consciousness, with Mark Germine and
Ben Geortzel.

Allan is a co-founder of the Integral Foundation and The Society for
Chaos Theory in Psychology and the Life Sciences. He is a member of The General
Evolution Research Group, the Integral Institute, the Forge Guild and the
one-hundred member Club of Budapest. He is Co-Editor of the Journal of Conscious
Evolution, Associate Editor of Dynamical Psychology, and serves on the Editorial
Board of Science & Consciousness Review. Allan was the winner of the 2002-2003
National Teaching Award of the Association of Graduate Liberal Studies Programs,
and in the same year the held the UNCA Honorary Ruth and Leon Feldman

Allan is a student of Swami Rama and Pandit Rajmani Tigunait at the
Himalayan Institute and served as Chair of the Board of a public five county
mental health center in the Midwest. His personal website is:


This title offers a thorough and insightful exploration of human
consciousness in all its forms. "Consciousness Explained Better" offers
readers an insightful, down-to-earth, and above all, easy-to-understand
exploration of consciousness in its many facets and forms. Grounded in
the author’s thorough understanding of the various aspects and
development of consciousness, this superbly written volume examines
human consciousness from a wide range of view-points – its historical
evolution, its growth in the individual, its mystical dimensions, and
the meaning of enlightenment – giving readers a greater understanding of
how these aspects of consciousness combine to create the kaleidoscopic
yet lucid experience that is the essence of humanity.
Here is a very exciting book, reflecting a very exciting time in the
exploration of consciousness and evolution. With the possible exception
of the rise of the great Idealist movements two centuries ago, today is
the most gripping period of research in consciousness that we have ever
seen. For the first time in history we have access to almost all
accumulated information about human consciousness and its potential. Zen
Buddhism, shamanism, body/mind disciplines, the great contemplative
traditions, mysticism, and many more have given us an extraordinary map
of human consciousness based on direct meditative experience, right up
to contemporary marvels of scientific research, giving the enquiring
mind an all-inclusive model of human consciousness and its unfolding.
Carl Jung coined the term "synchronicity" to describe meaningful
coincidences that conventional notions of time and causality cannot
explain. Working with the great quantum physicist Wolfgang Pauli, Jung
sought to reveal these coincidences as phenomena that involve mind and
matter, science and spirit, thus providing rational explanations for
parapsychological events like telepathy, precognition, and intuition.
Synchronicity examines the work of Jung and Pauli, as well as noted
scientists Werner Heisenberg and David Bohm; identifies the phenomena in
ancient and modern mythologies, particularly the Greek legend of Hermes
the Trickster; and illustrates it with engaging anecdotes from everyday
life and literature.
In this clear, engaging book, Robin Robertson draws parallels
between alchemy and chaos theory and shows how to apply them to our
inner development. He is not proposing they replace traditional
spiritual paths, but rather that they reflect deep structures in the
psyche that any inner journey awakens. The model they provide
necessarily underlies all paths of spiritual transformation and
describes a framework for the stages through which any seeker goes. No
matter what your particular calling, these insights enrich understanding
of the transformative process, whether outside in the world, or within
your life.
In an increasingly interdependent world where once antagonistic
societies and economies now exist within a global network, the need to
foster and maintain cooperation has never been more vital. Cooperation
explores an extraordinary growing awareness of the centrality of
cooperation from the perspectives of a variety of disciplines, including
biology, ecoscience, psychology, political science, business and
economics. The essays question the age-old maxim that our existence is
dependent on, and even prospers via competition, and offer keen insight
into the far-reaching challenges of this fascinating, uncharted period
in world history.
The four authors of this book recognize that no one on the common
human journey to the 21st century can pick the best route without
consulting a "map"–that is to say, an interconnected set of
understandings about what in a given situation is important, what
demands action and attention, and what does not. The problem, they
contend, is that the picture of the world we each carry in our mind may
not be a true mapping of the reality that surrounds us. This picture,
the cognitive map, could always be sharper. The authors prompt us to
become more conscious of our own cognitive map, and explain how it can
be adapted to the exigencies of our changing world so that it can be
better-used to guide our steps toward the 21st century.
This volume presents a collection of essays that all share a
common concern with time, process and consciousness. The chapters
represent a variety of different perspectives and the authors span the
disciplines of psychology, mathematics, physics and psychiatry.
Nov 172009

Source: Integral Institute – Scholars

Leo BurkeLeo Burke,  MA, MS, contributes to Integral Business and Leadership studies at Integral Institute. He is the Associate Dean of the Mendoza College of Business and Director of Executive Education at the University of Notre Dame. Prior to joining Notre Dame, Leo worked twelve years at Motorola, Inc. as a leader and innovator in education.

Source: Mendoza Directory

Leo Burke is Director of Integral Leadership at the Mendoza College of Business, the University of Notre Dame. From December 2000 through June 2008, he served as Associate Dean and Director of Executive Education. During his tenure as associate dean, Notre Dame Executive Education increased total revenues nearly 200%, successfully inaugurated a new Executive MBA program in Chicago, achieved a top 15 worldwide ranking (Business Week) for custom executive programs, and launched several new executive programs, including the highly acclaimed Executive Integral Leadership Program.

Read Dr. Burke’s Welcome to the Executive Integral Leadership program.

Prior to joining Notre Dame, Burke served in a variety of roles at Motorola, Inc., including Director and Dean of the College of Leadership and Transcultural Studies within Motorola University. He was a key architect of premier leadership development programs in both China and India.

Leo Burke holds a B.A. in sociology from the University of Notre Dame, a M.A. in Political Science from Indiana University, and a M.S. in Organization Development from Aurora University.